Tavares D. Mathews
The Holy Spirit
In this article we would like to address the subject of the Holy Spirit’s work in the New Testament. We will do this simply by making statements of fact as expressed by apostles and prophets.
Characteristics of the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is a divine person. He possesses the nature of deity, therefore, He is called God (Acts 5:1-4); He is eternal in nature (Heb. 9:14); He is all-knowing (1 Cor. 2:9-11) and all-present (Psalm 139:7-10).
The Holy Spirit is a person and possesses all the qualities of a person. The biblical record indicates that the Holy Spirit loves (Rom. 15:30); has knowledge (1 Cor. 2:11) and He wills (1 Cor. 12:11).
The Holy Spirit guides (John 16:13); He forbids (Acts 16:6, 7); He searches (1 Cor. 2:10); He teaches (1 Cor. 2:13) and speaks (1Tim. 4:1).
He can be lied to (Acts 5:3); He can be grieved (Eph. 4:30) and can be insulted (Heb. 10:29).
He communicates as any intelligent person does – through Words (1 Cor. 2:13; Rev. 2:7).
The Work of the Apostles
Jesus chose twelve men to go into the world to preach the gospel to all nations (Matt. 28:18-20; Mark 16:15, 16; Luke 24:47-49).
The Holy Spirit was to be given to the apostles to bring all things Jesus had taught them while He was with them back to their remembrance and to reveal those things that were yet to come (John 14:26; 16:13; Matt. 10:18-20).
As they went about preaching the gospel – the Holy Spirit brought back to their remembrance the Words of Jesus when He was with them and revealed to them God’s Word. The Holy Spirit would also allow them to speak in the language of the people that they came in contact with and to perform miracles in order to authenticate their message. The apostles were in essence the chief authoritative mouth pieces for God. Their messages were infallible because they spoke as they were directed by the Holy Spirit.
John, an apostle of Jesus, as he was on the Isle of Patmos was instructed to write what Jesus told him, yet in verses 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13,22 of the book of Revelation, the text says, “hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches”. Obviously, John was guided by the Holy Spirit to write Jesus’ instructions to the churches. Notice the words of Christ concerning the Holy Spirit: “