Tavares D. Mathews
What Law Were the Gentiles Under During the Old Testament?
This is a question which many may have never given any thought to and for those who have; they have not thought it through – properly. Most Bible students acknowledge that there have only been three Laws given by God, namely, the Patriarchal Law, Mosaic Law and the Christian Law systems.
Patriarchal Law (The Law of fathers)
Lasted 2500 years. All of humanity was under this law before the Mosaic Law was given to Israel alone. This was an oral law which was passed down from generation to generation. Adam – Moses (Genesis 1 – Exodus 20). There was no particular day set apart (Sabbath and Sunday). The Gentiles continued under this system of law until Peter preached the gospel to Cornelius and his household (Acts 10).
Mosaic Law (The Law of Moses)
Lasted 1500 years. This was a written law.
Moses – Christ (Exodus 20 – Acts 2). God separated Israel out as His chosen people and He gave them a Law which would govern them until it was abrogated by Christ.
Exodus 34:27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel. (Note that this law was only for Israel – it excluded Gentiles cf. Deut. 7:6)
Christian Law (The Law of Christ)
Began on Pentecost and will last until Christ returns. Christ (cross) – Christ’s Return – Almost 2000 years. This is an international law to govern all people, in all places, at all times.
“And that he might reconcile both